Comment 0 for bug 1962332

Revision history for this message
Dan Streetman (ddstreet) wrote : xenial systemd fails to start if cgroup2 is mounted


now that jammy has moved to using unified cgroup2, containers started on jammy must also use unified cgroup2 (since the cgroup subsystems can only be mounted as v1 or v2 throughout the entire system, including inside containers).

However, the systemd in xenial does not include support for cgroup2, and doesn't recognize its magic (added in upstream commit 099619957a0), so it fails to start completely.

[test case]

create a jammy system, that has unified cgroup2 mounted. Then:

$ lxc launch ubuntu:xenial test-x
$ lxc shell test-x

(inside xenial container):
$ mv /sbin/init /sbin/init.old
$ cat > /sbin/init <<EOF
sleep 2
exec /lib/systemd/systemd --log-level=debug --log-target=console
$ chmod 755 /sbin/init
$ exit

(back in jammy host system):
$ lxc stop test-x -f
$ lxc start --console test-x
To detach from the console, press: <ctrl>+a q
Failed to mount cgroup at /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd: Operation not permitted
[!!!!!!] Failed to mount API filesystems, freezing.
Freezing execution.

[regression potential]

any regression would likely break xenial containers from starting at all, or cause cgroup-related problems with systemd starting and/or managing services.


this is needed only for xenial. However, as xenial is out of standard support, this would need to be an exception.

this is fixed upstream with commit 099619957a0 (and possibly others - needs closer investigation and testing) which is first included in v230, so this is fixed already in f and later.

this is not needed - by default - for trusty because upstart is used there; however, I think it's possible to change trusty over to use systemd instead of upstart. But since trusty is out of standard support, and it doesn't fail by default, it doesn't seem like it should be fixed.

[other info]

An alternative appears to be to change the host system back to using the 'hybrid' cgroup, however that obviously is awful and would remove the benefits of cgroup v2 from the host system, and force all containers on the host system to also use the 'hybrid' cgroup.